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Leadership






Leadership is the ability of a person or group to influence and impose any decision or opinion on persuasion, and the goal is to achieve desired interests.
Leadership sources:

•     The leader's authority and ability to establish punishment and reward.
•     The official leader status and legal force.
The leader's skill, which is the skill of distinction.
•     The leader's commitment to impartial qualities to positively influence others.
•     Sharing his opinion and support to his subordinates.

Types of leadership:

Free leadership: It is the leadership of non-interference or consecutive leadership and is also known as concessional leadership.
The leader gives orders and news with the desired goal and leaves the workers to do whatever they want with or without cooperation, with or without work.
•     The predominant aspect of this type of leadership is instructions, neglecting activity, wasting valuable time and conflicting actions.
Free leadership is one of the worst types of management, it leads to inconsistency, , and any failure caused by it.
Situational leadership: is the time when the leader must adjust his style to suit subordinates, and change his style, not the style of his subordinates, to meet the needs of others.

A leader who fits in one situation does not fit in another.
 And the ability to be flexible and adaptive to changing plans and strategies.
The leader  must have the flexibility to move easily and smoothly, self-confidence and the ability of workers to solve problems that they may encounter at any time with effective tools and methods, management and the ability to evaluate.

Democratic leadership:     
It is the acceptance of the leader who belongs to his authority and not the authority responsible for it, and the judge must work to develop himself and his human relationship and satisfy the needs of others and recognize the importance of the role of his employees and their participation in discussions and search for appropriate

solutions and belief in the ability of the soul and subordinates, and encourage workers .
A leader in a democratic leadership must easily persuade, work with facts, familiarize themselves with the ability of his followers, their information, and their ideas, and take them into consideration and take care of their feelings.
Autocratic leadership:
It is taking the leader with the powers granted to him according to laws, regulations, and unilateral decisionmaking, and any action is carried out only through approval of the leader and that after the development of plans and policies without the participation of anyone because of his lack of confidence in others and their decisions or for his self-dictatorship.


Autocratic leadership is known as military, authoritarian, or dictatorial .
autocratic leader does not care about the problems of workers and that the achievement is very good in his presence only.
Dictatorial leadership three types: a hard-line, tough-minded leader, who sticks to law enforcement and a good dictator.
What is the best leadership type?
Situational leadership.
Transactional leadership : is when leader promote compliance by followers through rewards and punishment.
 It's passive , directive ,  , has rewards performance , discourage independent

thinking and has resistant to change .
Why transactional leadership is used?
For material rewards such as
compensation , job society or promotion , or intangible rewards such as recognition and praise.
 Transactional leadership leads to negative implications like suspension and termination.

 The advantage:employee motivation , achievable goals , clear structure ,productivity and costs .

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